Every athlete is different and so are their feet therefore you should determine what type of foot you have so you can purchase a shoe that will specifically treat your arch and pronation to avoid injury. Types of shoes include straight, curved, and semi curved shapes.
In order to get the right shoe you must determine what type of foot you have which is determined by the shape and structure of your feet.
- One thing to look at is pronation and in order to do that pick up a pair of shoes (preferably a sneaker) and look at the wear inside or on the rubber sole of your shoe. If the inside side is more worn than the rest of the shoe then you overpronate. If the outside side of the shoe is more worn than the inside side then you underpronate. If the wear is equal across the forefoot then you are a neutral pronator.
- Also, look at your arch and determine whether you have a normal, low or high arch. If you have a normal arch you are likely to have a neutral stride. If you have a low arch you are more likely to overpronate and with a high arch you are more likely to underpronate.
Once you know what type of foot you have you can determine what type of shoe to buy.
- Overpronators should wear shoes with a straight shape and one that will control the motion of the foot so it doesn't roll too far and will be provided with maximum support.
- Underpronators should wear a shoe with a curved shape and one that allows for lots of cushion so the feet roll inward and absorb shock.
- Neutral Pronators should look for a running shoe with a semi curved shape like stability shoes.
Here is a video which might also be helpful: