This article looks at the pre-retirement services offered to their player members by the professional footballers' unions in England (PFA) and France (UNFP). The article includes a short history of the development of professional football (soccer) in England and France, and examine some of the issues of the contemporary game that affect the players and their life after football in the two countries. These include increasing commercialisation, the role of the media and in particular television, internationalisation, higher wages, professionalism, contracts and eventual retirement. Although football was invented in England in the nineteenth century, there are numerous parallels between the contemporary situations in England and France: these are examined in the following paragraphs.
Read the full article on retirement from football by Peter Danton de Rouffignac
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